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Sea of Green (SoG) Tutorial

What is “Sea of Green” (SoG)?

“Sea of green” is the idea of growing many small cannabis plants instead of just a few bigger plants. The advantage is that you can get to harvest more quickly because each plant doesn’t have to get nearly as large to support the same total number of bud sites. If each plant only needs to get half as big, it takes much less time to harvest!

“SoG” (Sea of Green) refers to growing a “sea” of many marijuana plants, then putting them into the flowering stage when they’re still small.

Since each plant doesn’t get very big before the switch, the time to harvest time comes a few weeks earlier. However, since there are so many plants and bud sites, you get the same yield as you would from bigger plants.

These five auto-flowering plants started at the same time in this DWC setup. Without any training or special time schedules, they grew into this at harvest!

You often don’t need to do much plant training in an SoG setup, so you spend less time each week that would have gone into training if you wanted to achieve similar results with a bigger plant.

Note: To add another confusing term into the mix, ScrOG (Screen of Green) is something completely different, and involves using a screen to grow a flat canopy of buds. A lot of names for common cannabis growing techniques don’t necessarily seem all that well thought out 😉

Pros of Sea of Green

  • Great yields
  • Not much effort spent training
  • Fast time to harvest
  • Option to grow many different strains at once

Cons of Sea of Green

  • More time-consuming to take care of more plants. Watering and accessing plants in the back can be tough!
  • Not a good choice for growers with plant limits
  • Plants are often crammed together, which increases your chance of mold or mildew if humidity isn’t under control, if there’s poor air circulation, or if plants get too leafy.
  • Some plants might grow dramatically different from the others (for example, being much taller or shorter), which can be a pain when you have a lot of plants to work with and you’re trying to keep everything as even as possible. If you’re growing more than one strain, this can be an even bigger problem.

The setup in the picture above produced a fantastic amount of high-grade weed! However, the setup in the picture below produced even more in much less time!

These plants were in the vegetative stage for about half as long as the plants in the previous picture, AND they had significantly higher yields!

How to Make Your Own Sea of Green

For this grow style, growers usually switch to the flowering stage when plants are around 4-6 weeks old. Plants switched sooner than 4 weeks may not have enough time to get the most out of an SoG setup. Adding an extra week or two of veg, so each plant gets bigger can make a pretty big difference in yields too, so it’s about finding that balance between getting to harvest as quickly as possible versus harvesting a lot of bud.

Many growers also “top” their seedlings by removing the tips of seedlings when they have about 4-6 pairs of leaves. Topping can increase the number of buds sites, but if you have enough plants, you will have enough bud sites. It’s often easier to grow fewer plants, so for a grower with time concerns, you can get a lot of the benefits of Sea of Green with fewer plants by simply topping your seedlings and giving them an extra few days or a week in the vegetative stage.

For SoG, wait to switch to 12/12 until plants are this size or bigger (note: young plants like this can and will double or triple in height after the switch to 12/12).

After the switch to 12/12, plants start stretching and getting bigger.

Here you can really see the SoG in action after all the plants start making buds. Even though each plant didn’t get very big, there are many, many bud sites! They completely fill the entire space!

Another Example of Sea of Green

Here’s an example of SoG in action during the vegetative stage using those eight seedlings. Notice how quickly the whole space got filled up since there were so many plants. It went from empty to completely filled in about four weeks. By the last picture, all eight plants are already flowering. Each of those plants will be able to support a fat main cola in this setup, and it took less time than if the grower had tried to fill that space with just one plant.

Thanks to GIVE_ME_ATTENTION for making this moving gif of an SoG in action!

When using SoG, it’s up to you to decide how many plants and how big you let them get before you switch to the flowering stage.

Some growers flip to flowering when plants are just a few weeks old and a few inches high. Other growers may wait a bit longer to achieve bigger plants. If in doubt, I recommend waiting an extra week for the best result 🙂

Another example of a small SoG setup

Flowering was initiated right after the above picture. Here are those same plants a little over a month later, after they’ve started making buds.

Notice how much taller the plants are at this stage. In an SoG setup, make sure you don’t underestimate how much your plants will stretch after being switched to the flowering stage! Sativa strains and very young plants that switch to flowering are well-known for stretching a lot!

SoG is how you achieve plants that look like the one below at harvest (why was this plant defoliated?)

SoG setups are sometimes popular with those growing many auto-flowering strains since these strains cannot be trained with most of the traditional plant training methods.

In some parts of the world, SoG isn’t as popular as other training techniques because growers have legal limits on how many cannabis plants they can have at any one time. SoG uses a lot of small plants instead of training fewer big plants to fit your space so, if you have plant limits, this is not the best use of your space.

But for those who can grow as many cannabis plants as they want, SoG may be a fast choice to get an even canopy and a lot of buds with very little plant training!

This tutorial shows you how you can use the practice of growing many small plants to increase your yields and get to harvest more quickly!

Best SoG Strains

If you cannot grow cannabis outdoors it is most likely due to legality and/or the climate. For this reason, many growers opt for indoor gardens powered by electric lighting lamps. It goes without saying that electric costs can be expensive, and when constantly powering enough lamps to cover the area of a grow space, efficiency is key. While changes can be made to the type of lighting used, sea of green (SoG) style grows are popular among those looking to push the limits of their harvest yield.

    Original Sensible Seeds Feminized Photoperiod 90 – 140 cm indoors 180 – 280 cm outdoors 800 g/m² indoors 1000 g/plant outdoors
    Original Sensible Seeds Feminized Photoperiod 90 – 140 cm indoors 180 – 280 cm outdoors
    Royal Queen Seeds Feminized Photoperiod 90 – 160 cm indoors 130 – 170 cm outdoors 500 – 550 g/m² indoors 550 – 600 g/plant outdoors
    Mandala Seeds Regular Photoperiod Medium 550 – 600 g/m² indoors 850 – 1200 g/plant outdoors
    Dutch Passion Feminized Autoflowering 500+ g/m²
    Fast Buds Feminized Autoflowering 60 – 100 cm 400 – 600 g/m² indoors 50 – 300 g/plant outdoors
    Dutch Passion Feminized Photoperiod 400 – 500 g/m² indoors
    Dutch Passion Feminized Photoperiod 400 – 500 g/m² indoors
    Fast Buds Feminized Autoflowering 80 – 110 cm High
    Big Head Seeds Feminized Photoperiod 550 – 660 g/plant outdoors
    Fast Buds Feminized Autoflowering 90 – 150 cm 400 – 650 g/m² indoors
    Advanced Seeds Feminized Autoflowering 80 – 100 cm indoors 120 – 150 cm outdoors 450 – 550 g/m² indoors
    White Label Seed Company Feminized Photoperiod 100 – 140 cm 300 – 450 g/m² indoors 150 – 250 g/plant outdoors
    Fast Buds Feminized Autoflowering 70 – 90 cm 400 – 500 g/m² indoors
    Delicious Seeds Feminized Photoperiod 500 g/m² indoors 600 g/plant outdoors

Why Grow In SoG Style?

SoG – sea of green – is a style of growing cannabis indoors which, as the name suggests, involves creating an even distribution of cannabis flowers by selecting strains best suited for this style of grow. It uses a range of training techniques such as topping, low stress training and defoliation to manipulate growth. Here is more information on strains in this collection:

  • Wide Range of Strains – the cannabis seeds in this collection have a range of genetic lineages, so regardless of whether you’re more of an Indica or a Sativa consumer – we’ve got you covered!
  • Medium Height.
  • Training – this is key for any grow but particularly important for SoG/SCRoG grows as LST, topping and supercropping can be used to get a widespread canopy.

The Best Strains For SoG And SCRoG Grows

This collection contains only the best strains for SoG grows and is ideally suited for those looking to take their yields and efficiency to the next level! Whether you’re a cannabis enthusiast or a commercial grower, an SoG will give you the best value for money.

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